Monday, 2 March 2015

The most mysterious book in the world is one step closer to be deciphered

The book dates from the years around 1404-1438, but it was unknown for 500 years, was discovered in 1912, when an antiquarian Wilfrid Voynich appointed bought it, along with other ancient publications in Italy
A mysterious book containing images printed on it and some have considered meaningless is now much closer to being deciphered after more than a century of mystery. A scientist announces that language for patterns found in the Book Voynich, which is a cross step in deciphering the mysterious language.

The message of "most mysterious medieval manuscript" gave fork cryptographers, mathematicians and linguists for over a century. Therefore, many experts thought that the manuscript is a hoax. But now a new study published in the journal PLoS One suggests that the mysterious manuscript has a real message.

Scientists announced that they had discovered linguistic patterns that suggest the presence of meaningful words in the text.

Over time, many experts have debated whether the ciphertext has any meaning or not. During the Second World War, the manuscript was analyzed even the best code breakers, who succeeded descriptive messages enemy forces, but who failed to decipher the meaning of the words of the Voynich manuscript.

The inks used and numerous other indications suggest that the manuscript dates, indeed, the Renaissance. The book is written in the same style as many other contemporary books on herbs that treat many diseases.

The manuscript is more complex than the forgeries of the time, who did not even remotely the same degree of effort. On the basis of illustrations, the manuscript seems to be a scientific book with herbal remedies, astronomical drawings and detailed illustrations. The book contains 240 pages, with some pages missing, and experts believe that originally had about 272 pages.

The book is very strange: in addition to being written in an unknown and illegible writing, illustrations are also a mystery. Many plants seem to be invented or hybrids of existing plants. For example, the roots of the plants do not match the drawn over them.

Marcelo Montemurro, a theoretical physicist at the University of Manchester in the UK, has spent many years analyzing language patterns of the manuscript, hoping to decipher the mystery. Now, experts say new research closer to reality this possibility.

Text is unique, no similar works and all attempts to decode any text message failed. It is not easy to say that the text is meaningless, because it presents a linguistic structure, "says Montemurro.

Dr. Montemurro and his colleagues used a computerized statistical method to analyze the text, this method is effective in studying other languages. Researchers analyzed how the words were arranged to extract content words.

"There is ample evidence showing that those words that tend to occur in text content grouped where they are needed," explains specialist.

"Over the long texts, words tend to leave a statistical signature. When the subject is changed, it is required ie. Semantic networks we have obtained is clear that those words related tend to share structural similarities. This happens in real lmbile "says the expert.

Dr. Montemurro thinks it is unlikely that these traits have been "embedded" in the text to make a fake to seem more realistic, because academic knowledge of these structures did not exist at the time the Voynich manuscript has been created.

Although a pattern, the meaning of words continues to be a mystery. Because the minds of the planet have failed to decipher the text along a century, some experts believe that the only plausible explanation is that the manuscript is a hoax.

Gordon Rugg, a mathematician at the University of Keele, are among the experts. He says the new study does not eliminate the possibility of forgery. "This study is not necessarily something new. For several decades it is accepted that the statistical properties of the Voynich manuscript language are similar, but not identical, to those of real languages. I do not think chances are high that Voynich manuscript to hide a language unknown, because there are too many other features text that is unlike any other language, "says Rugg.

However, Dr. Montemurro is convinced that a false hypothesis can not explain the semantic patterns that we identified in the research. The specialist is aware that his analysis leaves unanswered many questions, such as whether text is a coded version of the existing languages ​​or is a language invented.

"In this study, any sentence which supports the hypothesis of a false must provide an explanation for this sophisticated structure. So far, this has not been brainstorm "says Montemurro.

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